TMEA
February 10, 2005
2:00 PM

Real Life Uses
 of Music Technology
for Music Educators

Vist: www.tsmp.org  and www.music.sfasu.edu

 

 

Real Life Uses
 of
Music Technology
for
Music Educators

Clinician

Herbert M. Midgley II.

hmidgley@sfasu.edu

http://music.sfasu.edu

http://www.herbertmidgley.com

Stephen F. Austin State University

Do You use Music Technology in your Classroom?

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Do You use Music Technology in your Classroom?

•    You are if you use:

•      CDs and CD Player

•      Electronic  Keyboard

•      Tape Recorder

•      Record  Player

•      Video Tapes

•      Computer

•      Internet

•      Overhead Projector

•      Slide Shows

At One Time

•      Paper

•      The Pen

•      The Pencil

•      The Chalk Board

•      Were all new Technologies

 

Would you like to Use More Music Technology in your classroom?

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It is easy to be Overwhelmed by Technology

•      MIDI

•      MP3

•      Digital Audio

•      Internet

•      CAI

•      Sequencers

•      Music Notation

•      Faster and Faster Computers

At times do you feel like you can never catch up.

You Do not Have to be an Expert on Everything to use
Music Technology in your Classroom

•      It is simple

•      Pick the Technology that will help you while teaching

•      Avoid using Technology that will not help you teach efficiently

Use Music Technology that will help your students learn

•      Technology is just a Tool

•      It is no different than any other Tool

•      If it is not used effectively, it will not help anyone learn

•      Do not just use technology just to use it

•      Use Technology that will help you teach music

•      Do not use anything that won’t help you teach

Why Should You Use Music Technology in your Classroom

•      Time

•      Your Time

•      Your Students’ Time

•      Efficiency

•      Another Source of Instruction for your students

Some uses of Music Technology for the Music Educator

•      Accompanying

•      CAI (Computer Assisted Instruction)

•      Composition

•      Improvisation

•      Handouts

•      Test or Quizzes

Digital Audio

•      What is it?

•      It records analog sounds in to digital data

•      1’s and 0’s

•      1’s= On

•      0’s= Off

•      101010010101010101010101010101010

 

How it Works

•      It recorder audio

•      Files are BIG

 

Good News

•      It sounds almost exactly like what your ear hears

Bad News

•      It records all of your mistakes

 

You can Edit this Data

 

Audacity

•      http://audacity.sourceforge.net/

•      Digital Audio program

•      Open Source

•      Records Digital Audio

•      Edits Digital Audio

–   Wav

–   MP3

Audacity
Uses in the Classroom

•      Record rehearsals

•      Record individual students

–   Voice

–   Solo Instrument

 

Audacity
Uses for Performance

•      Record the Performance

–   Using only a laptop and a microphone

•      Edit “Bad Parts” out

•      Make a “Medley” from more than one song

•      Use a MIDI file to make an instrumental

iTunes

•      http://www.apple.com/itunes/

•      What is it?

•      Audio play back program

•      CD Ripper

–    Extracts the song from the CD to a digital format

•      Can convert Wav files to MP3

–    Great to post on your website

–    Make sure it is public domain or you have the rights before you do this.

iTunes

•      It can also burn CDs

•      It can play back internet radio

•      A legal way to download music off the web from the iTunes Store

•      It works great with an iPod!

iTunes
Uses in the Classroom

•      It can Catalog your Music Library

–   Students can listen to rehearsals

–   Students can listen to their performances 

–   Students can listen to your catalog of classical music

–   With iTunes you can allow other computers to access you iTunes’ library on a local network.

iTunes

•      How to change the Import option

•      Edit

–   Preferences

•   Importing

–   Import Using
   MP3
   ACC
   Wav
   AIFF

iTunes

•      I use 160 or 192 kbps and Variable Bit Rate (VBR) Quality: Medium

–   This sounds pretty close to CD to me

•      I use 32 kbps to host on my website

–   Smaller file

•      If you have the space use the max bit rate

–   320 kbps Variable Bit Rate (VBR) Quality: Medium

–   I can’t tell the difference between this and a CD most of the time

Variable Bit Rate (VBR)

•      The file size can be reduced by keeping bit rates low in non-complex parts of audio. (Like a single snare drum) The increased quality comes from allowing high bit rates in more complex segments of audio. (The full orchestra) To have more bits assign to them.

•      Not all MP3 players can use VBR

–   All of the new ones should

Sequencers

•      What is it?

•      It records MIDI data

•      This MIDI data tells other equipment to turn on and off musical performance instruction

•      Analogy - 4 Track Tape Recorder

•      A Multi-track recorder

•      It is Unlimited (16 - 1000+ Tracks)

 

How it Works

•      It recorders performance data not sound

•      That is why MIDI files are small

•      Note on note off

•      Note on  C3

•      Status Byte

•      Note On

•      Data Byte

 

Performance Data

•      Status Byte                                   Data Byte

•      Note On                                        C3

A Bad Piano Player…That’s OK!

•      You can play as fast or as slow as you want

•      Then you can put the tempo back to actual speed

•      You can play one hand at a time

•      Then you can combine them together

•      You can also use other midi controllers

–   Guitar

–   Wind

–   Percussion

Quantization your Best MIDI friend

•      Quantization can help you if you can not play at a steady tempo

•      It is hard to play (Straight) Like a computer

•      Quantization can help you to (Line up your sequence)

•      Quantization pulls your recording so that you are on the beat (or a beat)

Sequencing Software

•      Cubase

•      Performer

•      Protools

•      Master Traks

•      Vision

•      Cakewalk

How to use Sequencers in your Music Classroom

•      Accompanying

•      CAI (Computer Assisted Instruction)

•      Composition

Sequencers & Accompanying

•      Music Programs

•      Rehearsals

•      Download MIDI Files of a song

•      Record it yourself

 

Sequencers vs. CDs

•      You can Cut out Parts

•      You can Change Tempo

•      You can Transpose

•      You can Change Instruments

•      You can add or take out sections of music

•      You can make your own music

Sequencers & CAI
(Computer Assisted Instruction)

•      You can teach Form and Genre

•      Scales

•      Aural Skills

•      Music games

Sequencers & Composition

•      You can teach Improvisation

•      Drum and Percussion Composition

 

MIDI Files and GM
(General MIDI)

•      The Internet has 1000’s and 1000’s of Midi files for you to download

•      Many of these files are “Classical’ and “Folk Tunes”

•      Most of these Midi files are GM (General MIDI)

•      GM (General MIDI) means that the sounds are standardized 

 

Midi files vs. MP3
or WAV or AIFF Files

•      Midi files are small

•      One minute of Audio
(CD WAV or AIFF) = 10 Megabytes

•      One minute of MP3 = 1 Megabyte

•      One minute of a  Midi file = 2 kilobytes

Because MIDI is small it can run on older computers

•      A 10 year old computer can run a sequencer as easily as a brand new one

•      You can not play MP3 files on a 10 year old computer

The Difference Between a Sequencer and  Notation Software

•      Sequencer

–   Records so that an Audience Hears a Performance

•      •     Notation

–   • Produces a Musical Score so that someone with a pulse can play it

 

Music Notation


•      What is it?

•      A program to produce a Musical Score

Notation Software

•      NotePad

•      Print Music

•      Finale

•      Sibelius

•      Encore

•      MusicTime

•      Overture

How it Works

•      You input information to produce a Musical Score

 

Three Ways to Enter Notes

•      Point and Click

–   With a Mouse and a Palettes

•      Step -Time

–   Using the Typing Keyboard and the MIDI Keyboard

•      Recording in Real -Time

–   Using a MIDI Keyboard to play notes “Live” into the computer

 

How to use Music Notation software in your Music Classroom

•      Accompanying

•      CAI (Computer Assisted Instruction)

•      Composition

Notation Software & Accompanying

•      It is visual

•      Music Programs

•      Rehearsals

•      Download MIDI Files of a song

•      Record it yourself
 

Notation Software & CAI (Computer Assisted Instruction)

•      Note reading

•      Rhythm reading

•      Key signatures

•      Time signatures

•      Instrument instruction

•      Music handouts

Notation Software & Composition

 

•      Recording in Real -Time

•      You can teach Improvisation

•      Drum and Percussion Composition

Notepad

•      http://www.finalemusic.com/

•      What is it?

•      Finale’s free cousin

•      A free Music Notation Program from the company that makes Finale

•      It does not import or export midi files

•      It can not use a midi keyboard to input music

•      It can read Finale and Print Music files

Notepad
Uses in the Classroom

•      Students can compose their own music

–   Then Print it out!

•      Students can input a difficult musical passage and the computer will play it back

•      Students could study scores

–   They can view the score

–   And hear it played back at the same time

Notepad
Uses in the Classroom

•      Teachers can make practice sheets

–   Scales

–   Difficult passages from a composition you are performing

–   Exams

–   Warm ups

Notepad
How to Use it

•      Use the Notepad Entry Exercise

•      It will teach you how to use this program

•      You may not even miss the MIDI Keyboard

 

Other Software

•      Firefox (The Best Web browser, no Spyware, no Active X)

•      http://www.mozilla.org/products/firefox/

•      Mozilla Suite (A free html editor in this Suite)

•      http://www.mozilla.org/products/

•      Open Office (A free Office Suite)

•      http://www.openoffice.org/

•      Picasa (Photo Software)

•      http://www.picasa.com/

•      Google Toolbar (Blocks Popups in IE)

•      http://www.google.com/downloads/

•      Music Studio Producer  (Free MIDI sequencer)

•      http://www.frieve.com/english/musicstd/musicstd.html

 

 

Other Software

•      Virus software

•      AVG Soft

•      http://www.grisoft.com

•      Spyware Software

•      Adware

•      http://www.lavasoftusa.com/

•      Spybot Kill and Destroy

•      http://www.spybot.info/

•      Microsoftฎ Windows AntiSpyware (Beta)

•      http://www.microsoft.com/

 

How to get Free Computers!

•      Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board
www.thecb.state.tx.us/SHIP

•      Your local College or University has surplus computers

–    The School

–    Public Schools

–    Charities

–    Prisons

–    China

–    Land field

•      What a Waste!!

How to get Free Computers!

•      Computers

•      Monitors

•      Mice

•      Keyboards

•      Printers

•      Cables

•      Computer Parts

Put a Small Computer Lab
For Next to Nothing

•      Put the free software that I talked about today into a small lab

(1-5 computer stations.)

•      Notepad

•      iTunes

•      Audacity

Your Students Would Love It!

•      If you don’t have the technology skills

•      Ask you IT support

•      Band, Choir or Orchestra Boosters

–   Someone is a tech nerd or geek

•      Get some more training

–   Get some Professional Development that you can use!

 

Thank You!

•      I hope that you learn some information that you can use in your classroom

Contact Information

•      Herbert M. Midgley II

•      hmidgley@sfasu.edu

•      http://www.herbertmidgley.com

•      This Presentation : http://www.herbertmidgley.com/tmea

•      Vist: www.tsmp.org  and www.music.sfasu.edu

Music Software Links

•      Audacity

•      http://audacity.sourceforge.net/

•      iTunes

•      http://www.apple.com/itunes/

•      Notepad

•      http://www.finalemusic.com/

 

Music Software Links

•      Places to get free, shareware and demos

•      Shareware Music Machine

•      http://www.hitsquad.com/smm

•      Harmony Central

•      http://www.harmony-central.com/

 

Music Software Links

•      Midi File Links

•        (Some of these many have pops ups, get the Google tool bar to block them)
http://www.free-midi.org/tutorials.php?view=details&id=18 Midi files
http://rock.mididb.com/ More Midi files
http://www.kunstderfuge.com/ Classical midi files

•      http://www.jsbchorales.net Bach 371Chorales

Other Software

•      Firefox (The Best Web browser, no Spyware, no Active X)

•      http://www.mozilla.org/products/firefox/

•      Mozilla Suite (A free html editor in this Suite)

•      http://www.mozilla.org/products/

•      Open Office (A free Office Suite)

•      http://www.openoffice.org/

•      Picasa (Photo Software)

•      http://www.picasa.com/

•      Google Toolbar (Blocks Popups in IE)

•      http://www.google.com/downloads/

•      Music Studio Producer  (Free MIDI sequencer)

•      http://www.frieve.com/english/musicstd/musicstd.html

 

 

Other Software

•      Virus software

•      AVG Soft

•      http://www.grisoft.com

•      Spyware Software

•      Adware

•      http://www.lavasoftusa.com/

•      Spybot Kill and Destroy

•      http://www.spybot.info/

•      Microsoftฎ Windows AntiSpyware (Beta)

•      http://www.microsoft.com/

 

 

Good Luck!!!